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Brain Behav Immun. 2006 Nov;20(6):532-45. Epub 2006 Apr 3.

Cytokines in schizophrenia and the effects of antipsychotic drugs.

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1
Silesian University School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Medyków 18, 40-752 Katowice, Poland.

Abstract

Growing evidence suggests that the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems interact with each other through cytokines, hormones, and neurotransmitters. The activation of the cytokine systems may be involved in the neuropathological changes occurring in the central nervous system (CNS) of schizophrenic patients. Numerous studies report that treatment with antipsychotic drugs affects the cytokine network. Hence, it is plausible that the influence of antipsychotics on the cytokine systems may be responsible for their clinical efficacy in schizophrenia. This article reviews current data on the cytokine-modulating potential of antipsychotic drugs. First, basic information on the cytokine networks with special reference to their role in the CNS as well as an up-to-date knowledge of the cytokine alterations in schizophrenia is outlined. Second, the hitherto published studies on the influence of antipsychotics on the cytokine system are reviewed. Third, the possible mechanisms underlying antipsychotics' potential to influence the cytokine networks and the most relevant aspects of this activity are discussed. Finally, limitations of the presented studies and prospects of future research are delineated.

PMID:
16580814
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbi.2006.02.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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