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Int J Biol Macromol. 2006 May 30;38(3-5):174-9. Epub 2006 Apr 3.

Analysis of disulphide bond connectivity patterns in protein tertiary structure.

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Bioinformatics, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500007, India.


The analysis of disulphide bond containing proteins in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) revealed that out of 27,209 protein structures analyzed, 12,832 proteins contain at least one intra-chain disulphide bond and 811 proteins contain at least one inter-chain disulphide bond. The intra-chain disulphide bond containing proteins can be grouped into 256 categories based on the number of disulphide bonds and the disulphide bond connectivity patterns (DBCPs) that were generated according to the position of half-cystine residues along the protein chain. The PDB entries corresponding to these 256 categories represent 509 unique SCOP superfamilies. A simple web-based computational tool is made freely available at the website that allows flexible queries to be made on the database in order to retrieve useful information on the disulphide bond containing proteins in the PDB. The database is useful to identify the different SCOP superfamilies associated with a particular disulphide bond connectivity pattern or vice versa. It is possible to define a query based either on a single field or a combination of the following fields, i.e., PDB code, protein name, SCOP superfamily name, number of disulphide bonds, disulphide bond connectivity pattern and the number of amino acid residues in a protein chain and retrieve information that match the criterion. Thereby, the database may be useful to select suitable protein structural templates in order to model the more distantly related protein homologs/analogs using the comparative modeling methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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