Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Toxicon. 2006 Jun 1;47(7):753-8. Epub 2006 Mar 30.

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of scorpionism in Colima, Mexico (2000-2001).

Author information

1
Mathematical Modeling and Analysis, Mail Stop B284, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA. chowell@lanl.gov

Abstract

We analyzed 13,223 clinical records of patients treated for scorpion sting in hospitals of the Mexican Institute of Public Health and the Ministry of Health in the state of Colima, Mexico, during the years 2000-2001. A database containing demographic, epidemiological and clinical information was constructed and analyzed retrospectively. Patients were classified in the categories as mild (49.2%), moderate (33.8%) and severe (17.0%) according to commonly accepted standards. Most common symptoms recorded were local pain (94.7%), local paresthesia (67.2%), pruritus/itching (54.3%), sensation of a lump or hair in the throat (47.3%), and sialorrhoea (27.7%). The median time from sting to admission to the emergency room (patient delay) was 33min (interquartile range: 12-60). We found that older and clinically severe patients were significantly associated with longer times of admission to the emergency room. Age was significantly associated with clinical severity: the age group 0-10 years included a higher proportion of severe cases than the group 11 years and older. In four cases, patients died. An educational campaign to inform the population about the importance of receiving prompt attention following a scorpion sting has potential value in reducing complications in the emergency room.

PMID:
16574179
DOI:
10.1016/j.toxicon.2006.02.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center