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Cell. 1991 Nov 15;67(4):723-30.

Identification of a Gs activator region of the beta 2-adrenergic receptor that is autoregulated via protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation.

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Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Japan.


We have localized a G protein activator region of the human beta 2-adrenergic receptor to region beta III-2 (from Arg259 to Lys273). The synthetic beta III-2, corresponding to the C-terminal end of the third cytoplasmic loop, activates Gs at nanomolar concentrations and weakly activates Gi. beta III-2 activates adenylyl cyclase at nanomolar concentrations in wild-type S49 lymphoma membranes, but not in membranes of unc mutant S49 cells, in which Gs is uncoupled from beta-adrenergic stimulation. Phosphorylation of beta III-2 by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A, which is involved in the desensitization of the beta-adrenergic receptor from Gs, drastically reduces the effect of beta III-2 on Gs while potentiating its action on Gi, resulting in a total loss of adenylyl cyclase-stimulating activity. These findings indicate that this receptor sequence is a multipotential G protein activator whose G protein specificity is regulated by protein kinase A.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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