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J Med Genet. 2006 Oct;43(10):810-3. Epub 2006 Mar 29.

Vitamin D deficiency associated with number of neurofibromas in neurofibromatosis 1.

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1
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a tumour suppressor gene syndrome characterized by multiple cutaneous and plexiform neurofibromas. Focal osseous abnormalities, short stature, and decreased bone mineral density are also frequent in people with NF1. We measured serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in 55 patients with NF1 and 58 healthy controls, and correlated the findings in the patients with NF1 with their estimated number of dermal neurofibromas. Geometric mean (SD) serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration was 14.0 (1.6) ng/mL among the patients with NF1 compared with 31.4 (1.7) ng/mL among healthy controls (p<<0.0001). The serum vitamin D concentration and number of dermal neurofibromas reported by patients with NF1 were inversely correlated (Spearman's rho = -0.572, p<0.00001). The occurrence of low serum vitamin D concentrations in people with NF1, especially those with many dermal neurofibromas, may provide new pathogenic insights and have important therapeutic implications.

PMID:
16571643
PMCID:
PMC2563168
DOI:
10.1136/jmg.2006.041095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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