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Dev Psychol. 2006 Mar;42(2):381-90.

Low self-esteem during adolescence predicts poor health, criminal behavior, and limited economic prospects during adulthood.

Author information

1
Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom. kali@psych.stanford.edu

Abstract

Using prospective data from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study birth cohort, the authors found that adolescents with low self-esteem had poorer mental and physical health, worse economic prospects, and higher levels of criminal behavior during adulthood, compared with adolescents with high self-esteem. The long-term consequences of self-esteem could not be explained by adolescent depression, gender, or socioeconomic status. Moreover, the findings held when the outcome variables were assessed using objective measures and informant reports; therefore, the findings cannot be explained by shared method variance in self-report data. The findings suggest that low self-esteem during adolescence predicts negative real-world consequences during adulthood.

PMID:
16569175
DOI:
10.1037/0012-1649.42.2.381
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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