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Chirurg. 2006 Apr;77(4):325-34.

[Surgical therapy of hilar cholangiocarcinoma].

[Article in German]

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Klinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122 Essen.


Surgical resection provides the only chance of cure for patients suffering from hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Due to the central anatomic localization within the liver hilum, established guidelines of oncologic surgery are difficult to apply. Resection of the hilar bifurcation alone or in combination with limited hepatic resection can be performed with low morbidity and low mortality but shows a high rate of local tumor recurrence. Usually, extended resection is required to achieve adequate safety margins. Right trisectionectomy complies best with the basic rules of oncologic surgery while allowing the maximum safety margin. The 5-year survival rates reported after right trisectionectomy range between 20% and 40% and reach 59% in selected patients. The increasing experience with living donor transplantation and recent advances in neoadjuvant tumor therapy may lead to renewed discussion of liver transplantation in hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

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