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J Cell Biol. 2006 Mar 27;172(7):991-8.

A role for the RabA4b effector protein PI-4Kbeta1 in polarized expansion of root hair cells in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis, MO 63132, USA.


The RabA4b GTPase labels a novel, trans-Golgi network compartment displaying a developmentally regulated polar distribution in growing Arabidopsis thaliana root hair cells. GTP bound RabA4b selectively recruits the plant phosphatidylinositol 4-OH kinase, PI-4Kbeta1, but not members of other PI-4K families. PI-4Kbeta1 colocalizes with RabA4b on tip-localized membranes in growing root hairs, and mutant plants in which both the PI-4Kbeta1 and -4Kbeta2 genes are disrupted display aberrant root hair morphologies. PI-4Kbeta1 interacts with RabA4b through a novel homology domain, specific to eukaryotic type IIIbeta PI-4Ks, and PI-4Kbeta1 also interacts with a Ca2+ sensor, AtCBL1, through its NH2 terminus. We propose that RabA4b recruitment of PI-4Kbeta1 results in Ca2+-dependent generation of PI-4P on this compartment, providing a link between Ca2+ and PI-4,5P2-dependent signals during the polarized secretion of cell wall components in tip-growing root hair cells.

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