Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 2006 Apr 4;45(13):4164-72.

Analysis of DNA-dependent protein kinase-mediated DNA end joining by two-photon fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada.


Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is the primary mechanism by which mammalian cells repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Proteins known to play a role in NHEJ include the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), the Ku 70/Ku 80 heterodimer (Ku), XRCC4, and DNA ligase IV. One of the main roles of the DNA-PKcs-Ku complex is to bring the ends of the DSB together in a process termed synapsis, prior to end joining. Synapsis results in the autophosphorylation of DNA-PKcs, which is required to make the DNA ends available for ligation. Here, we describe a novel assay using two-photon fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy that allows for the analysis of DNA synapsis and end joining in solution using purified proteins. We demonstrate that although autophosphorylation-defective DNA-PKcs does not support DNA ligase-mediated DNA end joining, like wild-type (WT) DNA-PKcs, it is capable of Ku-dependent DNA synapsis in solution. Moreover, we show that, in the presence of Ku, both WT DNA-PKcs and autophosphorylation-defective DNA-PKcs promote the formation of multiple, large multi-DNA complexes in solution, suggesting that, rather than align two opposing DNA ends, multiple DNA-PK molecules may serve to bring multiple DNA ends into the NHEJ complex.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society
    Loading ...
    Support Center