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Pediatr Nephrol. 2006 May;21(5):619-26. Epub 2006 Mar 25.

Nitric oxide and superoxide in rat mesangial cells: modulation by C-reactive protein.

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Department of Pediatrics (Division of Nephrology), Schneider Children's Hospital, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, NY 11040-1432, USA.



C-reactive protein (CRP) has been linked to cardiovascular and renal disease. We evaluated the effects of CRP on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide by rat mesangial cells (RMC) and the impact on cell function.


RMC were incubated with cytokines (IFN-gamma, IL-1beta, and LPS) and CRP (10-100 microg/ml) for 24-72 h. Exposure to CRP resulted in a time- and dose-dependent reduction in NO accumulation (p<0.05). Although inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression was unaltered after 48 h, CRP stimulated expression of HSP90. Steady state abundance of iNOS mRNA increased nearly threefold after a 24-h exposure to CRP. Incubation with 100 microg/ml CRP for 60-120 min resulted in a 272% increase in superoxide production that was prevented by diphenyleneiodium chloride but not L-NAME (p<0.0001).


CRP enhances superoxide release in RMC, which in turn inactivates NO and reduces net production. The functional relevance of these CRP-induced changes is supported by increased expression of HSP90 in RMC exposed to the mediator. These findings suggest that systemic inflammation, which contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, may play a role in the progression of kidney disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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