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Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1991 Sep 21;121(38):1379-82.

[Delayed absorption of carbohydrates in the therapy of Type II diabetes: comparison between dietary (Muesli) and pharmacological (Alpha-glucosidase inhibition) modification].

[Article in German]

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Fachklinik für Diabetes und Stoffwechselkrankheiten, Bad Lauterberg im Harz, Deutschland.


Slowly resorbable carbohydrates are preferred in the dietetic therapy of patients with type 2 diabetes. In this study we compared the efficacy of a "müsli" with the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor miglitol in delaying the resorption of carbohydrates. 24 patients with NIDDM took, in randomized order, four different breakfasts with equal amounts of carbohydrate: a standard breakfast with bread and marmelade, a müsli, and both breakfasts with 100 mg miglitol. We calculated the maximal blood glucose concentration, the postprandial difference, the time of the maximum and the area under the curve (AUC). The postprandial blood glucose increase after the müsli breakfast was significantly lower compared with the standard breakfast (maximal blood glucose 12.3 vs. 13.9 mmol/l, postprandial difference 3.6 vs. 5.1 mml/l, AUC 360 vs, 468 mmol/l x min). The blood glucose increase after the standard breakfast with miglitol was even lower (maximum 11.6 mmol/l, postprandial difference 2.9 mmol/l, AUC 241 mmol/l x min). Miglitol also lowered the blood glucose values after the müsli breakfast. This study shows that the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor miglitol in a dose of 100 mg is more effective in lowering the postprandial blood glucose increase than a müsli. In cases of non-acceptance of a modern diet with slowly resorbable carbohydrates, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors may be a therapeutic alternative.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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