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Dev Biol. 2006 Jun 1;294(1):83-91. Epub 2006 Mar 27.

Pollen-specific pectin methylesterase involved in pollen tube growth.

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Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794-5215, USA.


Pollen tube elongation in the pistil is a crucial step in the sexual reproduction of plants. Because the wall of the pollen tube tip is composed of a single layer of pectin and, unlike most other plant cell walls, does not contain cellulose or callose, pectin methylesterases (PMEs) likely play a central role in the pollen tube growth and determination of pollen tube morphology. Thus, the functional studies of pollen-specific PMEs, which are still in their infancy, are important for understanding the pollen development. We identified a new Arabidopsis pollen-specific PME, AtPPME1, characterized its native expression pattern, and used reverse genetics to demonstrate its involvement in determination of the shape of the pollen tube and the rate of its elongation.

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