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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2006 Apr;27(4):351-3. Epub 2006 Mar 24.

Multiplex PCR for genes encoding prevalent OXA carbapenemases in Acinetobacter spp.

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Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring and Reference Laboratory, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Ave., London NW9 5HT, UK.


Carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii is a growing public health concern and is most often mediated by OXA carbapenemases. We describe a novel multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay able to detect and distinguish alleles encoding three subgroups of acquired OXA carbapenemases (OXA-23-like, OXA-24-like and OXA-58-like) that are scattered in Acinetobacter spp., and a fourth subgroup, OXA-51-like, which appears to be intrinsic to Acinetobacter baumannii. Isolates belonging to two prevalent UK A. baumannii 'OXA' clones (OXA-23 clones 1 and 2) had alleles encoding both an intrinsic OXA-51-like and an acquired OXA-23 enzyme, whereas isolates of the 'SE clone' had only an intrinsic bla(OXA-51-like) allele. Genes encoding OXA-58 were detected (with bla(OXA-51-like)) in a cluster of related isolates from a single hospital. This simple assay will assist in monitoring the mechanisms responsible for carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter spp.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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