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J Bacteriol. 1972 Oct;112(1):513-8.

Metabolism of Propane, n-Propylamine, and Propionate by Hydrocarbon-Utilizing Bacteria.

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1
Department of Microbiology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27607.

Abstract

Studies were conducted on the oxidation and assimilation of various three-carbon compounds by a gram-positive rod isolated from soil and designated strain R-22. This organism can utilize propane, propionate, or n-propylamine as sole source of carbon and energy. Respiration rates, enzyme assays, and (14)CO(2) incorporation experiments suggest that propane is metabolized via methyl ketone formation; propionate and n-propylamine are metabolized via the methylmalonyl-succinate pathway. Isocitrate lyase activity was found in cells grown on acetate and was not present in cells grown on propionate or n-propylamine. (14)CO(2) was incorporated into pyruvate when propionate and n-propylamine were oxidized in the presence of NaAsO(2), but insignificant radioactivity was found in pyruvate produced during the oxidation of propane and acetone. The n-propylamine dissimilatory mechanism was inducible in strain R-22, and amine dehydrogenase activity was detected in cells grown on n-propylamine. Radiorespirometer and (14)CO(2) incorporation studies with several propane-utilizing organisms indicate that the methylmalonyl-succinate pathway is the predominant one for the metabolism of propionate.

PMID:
16559164
PMCID:
PMC251438
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