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Planta Med. 2006 Apr;72(5):393-7.

A Kunitz-type glycosylated elastase inhibitor with one disulfide bridge.

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Department of Biochemistry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.


A glycosylated Bauhinia rufa elastase inhibitor (gBrEI) was purified and characterized using acetone precipitation, affinity chromatography on concanavalin A-Sepharose, ion-exchange chromatography on a HiTrap Q column, size exclusion chromatography on a Superdex 200 column and reverse-phase chromatography on a C18 column. gBrEI inhibited pancreatic porcine elastase with an equilibrium dissociation constant (K(i)) of 6.18 x 10(-8) M, but it did not inhibit human neutrophil elastase, bovine trypsin, human plasma kallikrein or porcine pancreatic kallikrein. On SDS-electrophoresis, gBrEI appeared as a single 20-kDa band, also after reduction. Schiff reagent staining indicated a carbohydrate portion in the protein, which was confirmed by mass spectrometry. The glycosylated site was Asn 38, and a carbohydrate portion of 1.17 kDa was identified. gBrEI was found to contain 144 amino acid residues, and a FASTA database analysis showed that it belongs to the plant Kunitz-type inhibitor family. Val66 was identified as reactive site P1 residue by comparison of conserved positions in the sequences. Since gBrEI harbors a single disulfide bridge, it may be considered a new type of Kunitz inhibitor, intermediate between the classical Kunitz inhibitors, which contain two disulfide bridges, and those from B. bauhinioides, which do not have such bridges.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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