Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2006 May;26(5):1120-5. Epub 2006 Mar 23.

Effect of MMP-2 deficiency on atherosclerotic lesion formation in apoE-deficient mice.

Author information

Department of Geriatrics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.



Although it has been reported that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 is a major proteinase in atherosclerotic plaque lesions, there is no direct evidence of the role of MMP-2 in atherosclerotic lesion formation. In the present study we determined the role of MMP-2 in atherosclerosis plaque development using apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice.


To generate MMP-2-deficient, apoE-deficient mice (MMP-2(-/-):apoE(-/-)), MMP-2(-/-) mice were crossed with apoE(-/-) mice. After 8 weeks of feeding with a lipid-rich diet, morphological and biochemical studies of the aortic sinus and arch were conducted. A significant reduction of the atherosclerotic plaque in the aortic sinus and arch with the decrease in smooth muscle cell-positive area was observed in MMP-2(-/-):apoE(-/-) mice compared with that of MMP-2(+/+):apoE(-/-) mice. Macrophage- and collagen-positive areas were less in aortic sinus but not in aortic arch in MMP-2(-/-):apoE(-/-) mice. There was no difference of MMP-9 mRNA expression in the plaque lesion between the 2 genotypes. A much lower level of mRNA expression of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 was detected in the atherosclerotic plaque lesions of MMP-2(-/-):apoE(-/-) mice than in those of MMP-2(+/+):apoE(-/-) mice.


MMP-2 contributes to the development of atherosclerosis in apoE(-/-) mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center