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J Dermatol. 2006 Feb;33(2):118-21.

A probable case of Muckle-Wells syndrome.

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Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.


Muckle-Wells syndrome is a rare autosomally dominant disorder belonging to the group of periodic fever syndromes. Three main features of the disease are: (i) urticarial eruptions; (ii) progressive perceptive deafness; and (iii) amyloid nephropathy. A 26-year-old Japanese woman had suffered at birth from an urticarial rash and episodic fever. The fever was frequently associated with chills and ill-defined malaise. There was no familial history of urticarial rash or fever. Although she did not recognize hearing loss, audiometry revealed perceptive deafness. She also had hepatosplenomegaly and hyperimmunoglobulinemia, but did not have persistent arthritis, or any neurological or gastrointestinal disorder. No growth retardation was observed. Skin biopsy specimens from her buttock showed a sparse perivascular and interstitial infiltrate of neutrophils in the papillary dermis. Periodic fever syndrome was diagnosed. Muckle-Wells syndrome was most likely, although no amyloid nephropathy was observed and no gene mutations of CIAS1 (T785C, C778T, G907A, G1315A, G1075C) were detected. We treated her with prednisolone, which had a partial effect. Previous treatment with colchicines, antihistamines, dapsone, clarithromycin, minocycline hydrochloride and loxoprofen sodium had been unsuccessful. Muckle-Wells syndrome may go undiagnosed for many years or be misdiagnosed as refractory urticaria. Therefore, we should consider the possibility of periodic fever syndrome when we see patients with refractory urticaria and episodic fever.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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