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Mod Pathol. 2006 Apr;19(4):524-32.

Aberrant expression of CHFR in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.

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Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Maidashi, Fukuoka, Japan.


Mitotic checkpoint maintains genomic integrity before mitosis. Numerous observations have suggested that mitotic abnormalities produce chromosomal instability and aneuploidy. In MPNST, complex karyotypes showing numerical and structural aberrations have been described. 'Checkpoint with forkhead-associated domain and ring finger' (CHFR) was recently identified as defining a new early mitotic checkpoint. We examined the expression of CHFR in 96 cases of MPNST by immunohistochemical and molecular methods. We found reduced (score, < or = 3) expression of CHFR in 63 out of 96 (66%) cases of MPNST, and such alteration was significantly correlated with a high mitotic count, a high Ki-67-labeling index, and a poor prognosis. In addition, MPNST with normal karyotype showed a strong (score, =5) expression of CHFR. Our results support the assertion that CHFR functions as an inhibitor of tumor proliferation.

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