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NeuroRx. 2006 Apr;3(2):217-24.

Therapeutic interventions for tone abnormalities in cerebral palsy.

Author information

1
Louisiana State University Health and Sciences Center, New Orleans, 70112, USA. atilto@aol.com

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common cause of movement disorders in children. The upper motor neuron syndrome of CP leads to several types of muscle overactivity, including spasticity. Reduction of muscle overactivity may be an important treatment goal, to improve comfort, care, and active function and to prevent future musculoskeletal complications. After a comprehensive team evaluation, a treatment plan is generated. Treatments may include physical and occupational therapy, oral medications, botulinum toxin and/or phenol injections, intrathecal baclofen, selective dorsal rhizotomy, and orthopedic surgery. Successful and early prevention of contracture may reduce the need for later corrective surgery.

PMID:
16554259
PMCID:
PMC3593441
DOI:
10.1016/j.nurx.2006.01.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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