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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006 Apr;257(2):243-52.

Plasmid-encoded gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation genes and insertion sequences in Sphingobium francense (ex-Sphingomonas paucimobilis Sp+).

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1
Ecologie Microbienne UMR-CNRS 5557, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.

Abstract

The lin genes encode the gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma-HCH or lindane) catabolic pathway in lindane-degrading strains. The location and stability of these genes have been explored in the lindane-degrading Sphingobium francense strain Sp+, and in two non-lindane-degrading mutants (Sp1- and Sp2-). The lin genes, linA, linB, linE and linX were localized by hybridization on three of the six plasmids of the S. francense strain Sp+ showing dispersal within the genome. The linC gene was detected by PCR, but was not detected by hybridization on any of the plasmids. The hybridization of the linA and linX genes was negative with the two non-lindane-degrading mutants S. francense strains, Sp1- and Sp2-. The dynamic of this genome associated with gene loss and acquisition, and plasmid rearrangement was explored by a search for associated insertion sequences. A new insertion sequence, ISSppa4, belonging to the IS21 family was detected and compared with IS6100 and ISsp1. Insertion sequence localization was explored on different hybridization patterns (plasmid, total genome) with the lindane-degrading Sp+ strain and the two non-degrading derivatives (Sp1-, Sp2-). Insertion sequence movement and plasmid rearrangement could explain the emergence of the non-lindane-degrading mutants.

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