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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2006 Nov;26(11):1442-50. Epub 2006 Mar 22.

The relationship between diffusion anisotropy and time of onset after stroke.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.


Diffusion anisotropy changes in stroke lesions less than 24 h after onset have been reported to be elevated, decreased, or both. To address these mixed findings, we sought to characterize temporal changes of diffusion anisotropy by analyzing anatomically distinct ischemic white matter (WM) regions at 3 time phases within the first 34 h of ischemic stroke onset in 26 stroke patients (2 to 5 h, N=7; 7 to 14 h, N=11; 18 to 34 h, N=8). Mean diffusivity (Trace/3 apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)), fractional anisotropy (FA), and T2-weighted signal intensity were measured for major and subcortical WM in lesions defined by a >or=30% drop in Trace/3 ADC. Major WM tract lesions with mean decreases of approximately 40% in relative (r) Trace/3 ADC showed an increased rFA of 1.11+/-0.18 (P<0.01) during the hyperacute phase (2 to 5 h), whereas rFA declined to 0.90+/-0.20 (P<0.01) and 0.88+/-0.12 (P<0.01) in the acute (7 to 14 h) and subacute (18 to 34 h) phases, respectively. Of those patients with lesions in major WM, 4 of 8 patients <or=7 h showed elevated rFA as opposed to none of the remaining 13 patients after 7 h. A greater proportion of the evaluated WM regions-of-interest (ROI) in the hyperacute phase revealed increases in rFA (60%), whereas conversely large proportions of ROIs (55% and 59%) in the acute and subacute phases showed reduced rFA. Similar anisotropy changes were noted in subcortical WM regions in the gyri.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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