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Free Radic Res. 2006 May;40(5):485-94.

Synthesis and application of a novel sunscreen-antioxidant.

Author information

1
Istituto di Biochimica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy. e.damiani@univpm.it

Abstract

Background information on the inefficacy of sunscreens to provide free radical protection in skin, despite their usefulness in preventing sunburn/erythema, prompted us to synthesize a compound which would display in the same molecule both UV-absorbing and antioxidant capacities. For this purpose, the UVB absorber, 2-ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate (OMC) was combined with the piperidine nitroxide TEMPOL, which has antioxidant properties. The spectral properties of the new nitroxide-based sunscreen (MC-NO) as well as its efficacy to prevent photo-oxidative damage to lipids induced by UVA, natural sunlight and 4-tert-butyl-4-methoxydibenzoylmethane (BMDBM), a photo-unstable sunscreen which generates free radicals upon UV radiation, was studied. The results obtained demonstrate that MC-NO: (a) absorbs in the UVB region even after UVA irradiation; (b) acts as free radical scavenger as demonstrated by EPR experiments; (c) strongly reduces both UVA-, sunlight- and BMDBM-induced lipid peroxidation in liposomes, measured as reduced TBARS levels; and (d) has comparable antioxidant activity to that of commonly used vitamin E and BHT in skin care formulations. These results suggest that the use of the novel sunscreen-antioxidant or of other nitroxide-based sunscreens in formulations aimed at reducing photoinduced skin damage may be envisaged.

PMID:
16551575
DOI:
10.1080/10715760600590065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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