Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Free Radic Res. 2006 May;40(5):485-94.

Synthesis and application of a novel sunscreen-antioxidant.

Author information

Istituto di Biochimica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy.


Background information on the inefficacy of sunscreens to provide free radical protection in skin, despite their usefulness in preventing sunburn/erythema, prompted us to synthesize a compound which would display in the same molecule both UV-absorbing and antioxidant capacities. For this purpose, the UVB absorber, 2-ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate (OMC) was combined with the piperidine nitroxide TEMPOL, which has antioxidant properties. The spectral properties of the new nitroxide-based sunscreen (MC-NO) as well as its efficacy to prevent photo-oxidative damage to lipids induced by UVA, natural sunlight and 4-tert-butyl-4-methoxydibenzoylmethane (BMDBM), a photo-unstable sunscreen which generates free radicals upon UV radiation, was studied. The results obtained demonstrate that MC-NO: (a) absorbs in the UVB region even after UVA irradiation; (b) acts as free radical scavenger as demonstrated by EPR experiments; (c) strongly reduces both UVA-, sunlight- and BMDBM-induced lipid peroxidation in liposomes, measured as reduced TBARS levels; and (d) has comparable antioxidant activity to that of commonly used vitamin E and BHT in skin care formulations. These results suggest that the use of the novel sunscreen-antioxidant or of other nitroxide-based sunscreens in formulations aimed at reducing photoinduced skin damage may be envisaged.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis
    Loading ...
    Support Center