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Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Nov;100(11):1056-62. Epub 2006 Mar 23.

Utility of serological follow-up of chronic strongyloidiasis after anthelminthic chemotherapy.

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1
Miwatj Health Aboriginal Corporation, P.O. Box 519, Nhulunbuy, Northern Territory, 0881, Australia.

Abstract

The difficulty of establishing a diagnosis and confirming cure of strongyloidiasis is widely appreciated. As parasitological diagnosis is often unsatisfactory, serodiagnosis is frequently relied upon. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in Strongyloides-specific antibody levels among a group of 79 seropositive Indigenous Australians living in a Strongyloides-endemic region. Testing before and after treatment revealed that seroreversion occurred most commonly after multiple courses of ivermectin therapy, with antibody titres of 35/42 (83%) subjects becoming negative. Seroreversion was also common following a single course of ivermectin or multiple courses of a 3-day regimen of albendazole, with seroreversion occurring in 13/19 (68%) and 7/10 (70%) subjects respectively. One 3-day course of albendazole was less effective with 4/10 (40%) subjects seroreverting, whereas none of the five subjects receiving a single dose of albendazole and 1/10 (10%) of subjects receiving no therapy seroreverted. These results support the use of serological follow-up for strongyloidiasis, and indicate that reversion to negative serostatus after ivermectin therapy is frequent.

PMID:
16551471
DOI:
10.1016/j.trstmh.2005.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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