Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2006 May;22(3):272-8.

Liver transplantation: an update.

Author information

1
Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health, 53792, USA. axs@medicine.wisc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Recent attention in liver transplantation has focused on equity in organ allocation and management of post-transplant complications.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Adoption of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) for liver allocation has been successful in implementing a system based on medical urgency rather than waiting time. Refinements are being studied in reducing geographic disparities and improving transplant benefit by balancing pre-transplant mortality and post-transplant survival. With hepatocellular carcinoma becoming a bigger proportion of liver transplants since MELD, emerging literature is examining expansion of the current criteria for transplantation of hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatitis C virus infection is associated with worse patient and graft survival post-transplantation than other liver diseases. The optimal timing and delivery of current antiviral therapy and immunosuppressive strategies in reducing the severity of hepatitis C virus recurrence post-transplantation are discussed. Chronic renal dysfunction after liver transplantation is a source of considerable morbidity. Nephron-sparing immunosuppression regimens are emerging with encouraging results.

SUMMARY:

Organ allocation tends to evolve under MELD with a focus on reducing geographic disparities and maximizing transplant benefit. Hepatitis C virus, hepatocellular carcinoma and chronic renal dysfunction are a major challenge and continued research in these areas will undoubtedly lead to better outcomes for transplant recipients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wolters Kluwer
    Loading ...
    Support Center