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Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2006 Apr;10(2):253-66.

Multifunctional transcription factor YY1: a therapeutic target in human cancer?

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National Taiwan University College of Medicine, NTU Center for Genomic Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.


The multifunctional transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a complex protein that has been shown to play pivotal roles in development, differentiation, cellular proliferation and apoptosis. It can act as a transcriptional repressor, an activator, or an initiator element binding protein that directs and initiates transcription of numerous cellular and viral genes. Because the expression and function of YY1 are known to be intimately associated with cell-cycle progression, the physiological significance of YY1 activity has recently been applied to models of cancer biology. Several lines of evidence imply that YY1 expression and/or activation is associated with tumourigenesis, in addition to its regulatory roles in normal biological processes. However, controversial results also raised and indicated that further studies are still needed to piece all of the seemingly contradictory data into a complete picture. On the basis of YY1 regulations and functions, novel drugs and specific treatment strategies may be developed with new therapeutic applications for tumour patients in the future.

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