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Tissue Eng. 2006 Feb;12(2):361-7.

Autologous bone marrow-derived cells enhance muscle strength following skeletal muscle crush injury in rats.

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Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Department of Trauma & Reconstructive Surgery and Department of Orthopaedics, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Germany.


Insufficient post-traumatic skeletal muscle regeneration with consecutive functional deficiency continues to be a serious problem in orthopedic and trauma surgery. Transplantation of autologous muscle precursor cells has shown encouraging results in muscle trauma treatment but is associated with significant donor site morbidity. In contrast to this, bone marrow-derived (BMD) cells can be obtained without any functional deficit by puncture. The goal of this study was to examine whether regular muscle regeneration can be improved by local application of autologous BMD cells in a rat model of blunt skeletal muscle trauma. One week after standardized open blunt crush injury to the left soleus muscle, 10(6) autologous BMD cells were injected into the traumatized muscle of male Sprague Dawley rats. Rats of the control group received saline solution as treatment. Three weeks after application, the fast twitch and tetanic contraction capacity of the soleus muscles was measured bilaterally by stimulating the sciatic nerves. Contraction forces of injured soleus muscles in control animals recovered to 39 +/- 10% (tetanic) and 59 +/- 12% (fast twitch) of the contralateral noninjured soleus muscles (p < 0.001). In contrast, autologous BMD cell injection significantly restored contractile forces to 53 +/- 8% (tetanic) and 72 +/- 13% (fast twitch) compared to those observed in contralateral noninjured soleus muscles. Thus, muscle function was significantly increased by BMD cell treatment (tetanic, p = 0.014; fast twitch, p = 0.05). In conclusion, autologous BMD cell grafting leads to an increase in contraction force, 14% in tetanic and 13% in fast twitch stimulation, demonstrating its potential to improve functional outcome after skeletal muscle crush injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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