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Int J Radiat Biol. 2006 Feb;82(2):69-76.

Does evening exposure to mobile phone radiation affect subsequent melatonin production?

Author information

1
Brain Sciences Institute, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia. awood@swin.edu.au

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To test whether exposure to the emissions from a digital mobile phone handset prior to sleep alters the secretion of melatonin.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In a double-blind cross-over design, 55 adult volunteers were both actively exposed or sham-exposed (in random order on successive Sunday nights) to mobile phone emissions for 30 min (0.25 W average power). Urine collection occurred immediately prior to retiring to bed and on rising the next morning. Melatonin output was estimated from principal metabolite concentrations (6-sulphatoxymelatonin (aMT6s) via radioimmunoassay), urine volumes and creatinine concentrations.

RESULTS:

Total melatonin metabolite output (concentration x urine volume) was unchanged between the two exposure conditions (active 14.1+/-1.1 microg; sham 14.6+/-1.3 microg). The pre- and post-bedtime outputs considered separately were also not significantly different, although the pre-bedtime value was less for active versus sham exposure. When melatonin metabolite output was estimated from the ratio of aMT6s to creatinine concentrations, the pre-bedtime value was significantly less (p = 0.037) for active compared to sham. Examination of individual responses is suggestive of a small group of 'responders'.

CONCLUSIONS:

Total nighttime melatonin output is unchanged by mobile phone handset emissions, but there could be an effect on melatonin onset time.

PMID:
16546905
DOI:
10.1080/09553000600599775
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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