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Burns. 2006 May;32(3):375-9.

The use of artificial dermis for reconstruction of full thickness scalp burn involving the calvaria.

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National Taiwan University Hospital Burn Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.


The incidence of extensive full thickness scalp burn involving the calvaria is rare and can be very difficult to reconstruct, as the application of local or free tissue transfer is limited. Although wound closure can be achieved with bone debridement and immediate or delayed split-thickness autografting, the result may be problematic due to unstable skin graft surface. The use of artificial dermis that may provide stable thick coverage in the treatment scalp and skull burn has rarely been reported in literature. We encountered two patients who suffered from severe head burns involving the calvarium. Following debridement including the necrotic bone, the artificial dermis (Integra) was used for immediate wound coverage which was 15 cmx10 cm in one case and 5 cmx6 cm in another. Three weeks later, ultra-thin skin grafting was placed on the neodermis. Compared to split-thickness skin graft, this technique provides a thicker coverage for wound closure. Neither skin breakdown nor ulceration was noted in the 1-year follow-up. This paper reports the successful use of artificial dermis for reconstruction of severe scalp burn with calvarial bone involvement.

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