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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 May 5;343(2):420-7. Epub 2006 Mar 9.

Mechanism of tail-mediated inhibition of kinesin activities studied using synthetic peptides.

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Gene Function Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan.


We used a truncated form of human conventional kinesin (K560) and a set of synthetic tail-derived peptides to investigate the mechanism by which the kinesin tail domain inhibits the protein's ATPase and motor activities. A peptide that spans residues 904-933 (C3) exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect on steady-state motility and ATPase activity. This inhibition reflected diminished binding of the ADP-bound kinesin head to the microtubule. Although peptide C3 bound to both K560 and microtubules, gliding assays using subtilisin-treated microtubules suggested that the binding to the microtubule contributes only little to the inhibition if there is sufficient affinity between the peptide and kinesin. We suggest that tail-mediated inhibition of kinesin activity is mainly the product of allosteric inhibition induced by the intramolecular binding of the kinesin tail domain to the motor domain, but simultaneous binding of the tail to the microtubule also may exert a minor effect.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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