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Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2006 Apr;20(2):279-300.

Current management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

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Division of Immunology, Rheumatology and Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, 4800 Sandpoint Way NE MS-B-6583, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.


The goal of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) treatment is to achieve remission of disease. The absence of a full understanding of the disease pathogenesis for JIA hinders the development of truly effective treatment approaches. Further, the lack of clear knowledge regarding the mechanisms of action of rheumatologic medications and the existence of few randomized controlled trials leaves clinicians with very little evidence upon which to base decisions regarding the best timing, dosages or combinations of medications to be used for fully effective treatment of JIA. There is now a shift in treatment focus from that of chasing failure (gradual add-on approach to the use of medications) to one of early aggressive combination treatment. This chapter will discuss the current approaches to medical management of JIA and the medications currently available for use. JIA treatment is a vast, rich area in need of research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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