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Blood. 2006 Jul 1;108(1):141-51. Epub 2006 Mar 16.

KSHV/HHV-8 infection of human hematopoietic progenitor (CD34+) cells: persistence of infection during hematopoiesis in vitro and in vivo.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, State University New York (SUNY) Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

Abstract

The cellular reservoir for Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection in the hematopoietic compartment and mechanisms governing latent infection and reactivation remain undefined. To determine susceptibility of human CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) to infection with KSHV, purified HPCs were exposed to KSHV, and cells were differentiated in vitro and in vivo. Clonogenic colony-forming activity was significantly suppressed in KSHV-infected CD34+ cells, and viral DNA was predominantly localized to granulocyte-macrophage colonies differentiated in vitro. rKSHV.219 is a recombinant KSHV construct that expresses green fluorescent protein from a cellular promoter active during latency and red fluorescent protein from a viral lytic promoter. Infection of CD34+ HPCs with rKSHV.219 showed similar patterns of infection, persistence, and hematopoietic suppression in vitro in comparison with KSHV. rKSHV.219 infection was detected in human CD14+ and CD19+ cells recovered from NOD/SCID mouse bone marrow and spleen following reconstitution with rKSHV.219-infected CD34+ HPCs. These results suggest that rKSHV.219 establishes persistent infection in NOD/SCID mice and that virus may be disseminated following differentiation of infected HPCs into the B-cell and monocyte lineages. CD34+ HPCs may be a reservoir for KSHV infection and may provide a continuous source of virally infected cells in vivo.

PMID:
16543476
PMCID:
PMC1895828
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2005-04-1697
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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