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Endocrinology. 2006 Jun;147(6):3060-9. Epub 2006 Mar 16.

knocking down liver ccaat/enhancer-binding protein alpha by adenovirus-transduced silent interfering ribonucleic acid improves hepatic gluconeogenesis and lipid homeostasis in db/db mice.

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Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0200, USA.


CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-alpha (C/EBPalpha) is a member of the basic leucine zipper transcription factor family and regulates expression of several enzymes in the liver that control glucose and lipid metabolism. Using adenovirus-transduced silent interfering (si)RNA against C/EBPalpha, endogenous liver C/EBPalpha protein was knocked down by 70-80% in 8-wk-old wild-type (WT) and db/db mice. In WT mice, fasting blood glucose concentrations were reduced approximately 24% without changes in plasma free fatty acid and triglycerides, when compared with LacZ adenovirus-treated control mice. Ad-C/EBPalpha siRNA treatment nearly normalized fasting glucose and significantly reduced plasma insulin and free fatty acid content, even though there was no elevation of C/EBPalpha protein in the livers of db/db mice. In parallel with the changes in glucose levels, hepatic glucose production was significantly reduced in C/EBPalpha siRNA-treated WT and db/db mice. mRNA levels of phyosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, and liver glycogen synthase were decreased in the C/EBPalpha siRNA-treated WT and db/db mice. Interestingly, the magnitude of reduction in these enzymes was more profound in db/db mice. C/EBPalpha siRNA also decreased mRNA levels of proliferator activator protein-gamma coactivator-1alpha in both the WT and db/db mice but reduced cAMP response element-binding protein only in WT and did not alter hepatic nuclear factor-4alpha and CBP/p300 expression. Expression of genes involved in lipogenesis, such as fatty acid synthase, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c was robustly suppressed in the C/EBPalpha siRNA-treated db/db mice. Taken together, these results indicate that C/EBPalpha plays an important role in maintaining glucose and lipid homeostasis in the liver.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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