Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Carcinogenesis. 1991 Sep;12(9):1627-31.

Immortalization of normal human oral keratinocytes with type 16 human papillomavirus.

Author information

  • 1UCLA School of Dentistry 90024.


Primary human oral keratinocytes were transformed by transfection with recombinant human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) DNA, and two transformed cell lines named human oral keratinocytes-16A and -16B (HOK-16A and HOK-16B) were established. While normal cells and cells transfected with vector only exhibited a limited lifespan, the HOK-16A and HOK-16B lines demonstrated immortality and altered morphology from their normal counterpart. The HOK-16A and HOK-16B lines contained approximately 40 and approximately 25 copies of intact HPV-16 DNA as integrated form per cell respectively, and both cell lines expressed several viral specific poly(A+) RNAs. Notably these cell lines also overexpressed cellular myc proto-oncogene in comparison with the normal counterpart. However, the immortalized cell lines were not able to produce tumors in nude mice, indicating that the cells are partially transformed. The HOK-16A and HOK-16B lines are, therefore, useful for investigating the multistep molecular events of oral carcinogenesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center