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Anat Histol Embryol. 2006 Apr;35(2):125-9.

Cyclin D1 protein expression in human thyroid gland and thyroid cancer.

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Kuwait Cancer Control Center.


Cell cycle progression is facilitated by cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs) that are activated by cyclins, including Cyclin D1 and inhibited by CDK inhibitors. Evidence of the involvement of cyclin gene alterations and over expression of various cyclins in human cancer is growing. The role of Cyclin D1 in malignant progression of papillary carcinomas of the thyroid has yet to be established. We therefore studied the expression of Cyclin D1 protein in thyroid carcinomas of young Kuwaiti patients (36 cases of conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma, 12 cases of its follicular variant, one case of tall cell thyroid carcinoma and one case of medullary carcinoma) using immunohistochemistry. In 23 patients (46%) circumscribed areas of cells were detected that showed a distinct to strong nuclear staining for immunoreactive Cyclin D1 whereas the remaining bulk of the carcinoma cells were negative or only showed a slight cytoplasmic staining. None of the tested clinical or path histological parameters showed a statistically significant correlation with the focal immunostaining. This does not rule out that the detected foci with positive nuclear Cyclin D1 immunostaining are areas where a progressive transformation to a more malignant phenotype occurs which eventually leading to lymph node and distant metastases.

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