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In Vivo. 1991 May-Jun;5(3):255-63.

Human herpesvirus-6 infection may predispose cells to superinfection by other viruses.

Author information

1
Immunopathology Laboratory, University of Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

Double infection of cells by HHV-6, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) can enhance viral effects though genetic transactivation. It remained to be clarified, however, by which mechanism different viruses may enter the same cell. We have shown that HHV-6 infection of immature lymphoid cells rigidifies the cytoplasmic membrane and causes receptor proteins for viruses such as CD4 for HIV-1 and CR2 for EBV to be expressed. In our experiments, HHV-6 infected cells were superinfected by HIV1 and caused enhanced cell death. The mechanisms by which receptors were expressed after HHV-6 infection appears independent of cell membrane rigidification alone and is suppressed by cycloheximide only to a certain extent.

PMID:
1654148
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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