Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer. 2006 Apr 15;106(8):1685-93.

Down-regulation of locus-specific human lymphocyte antigen class I expression in Epstein-Barr virus-associated gastric cancer: implication for viral-induced immune evasion.

Author information

1
Biophysics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To understand whether the association between Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) and gastric cancer (GC) has any role in loss of surface expression of human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) class I, the authors analyzed locus-specific transcriptional expression of HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, and HLA-E along with other HLA-associated molecules (beta2-microglobulin [beta2M], cellular latent membrane protein [LMP], and transporter associated with antigen presentation [TAP]) in EBV-associated, primary GC (EBVaGC) and EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC) tissues.

METHODS:

Approximately 20 EBVaGC tissues and 40 EBVnGC tissues and their corresponding normal tissues were used in the study. The presence of EBV in GC was established by EBV-encoded small RNA in situ hybridization analysis and BamHI W polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Transcriptional expression of viral LMP2A and several HLA class I genes were analyzed by reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR. Surface expression levels of HLA class I proteins in cancer samples along with their normal counterparts also were quantified by flow cytometry.

RESULTS:

The RT-PCR data suggested selective down-regulation of the HLA-A/HLA-B locus along with over-expression of HLA-E transcripts in EBVaGC (P < .05). This was confirmed further by the flow-cytometric studies using antibodies to HLA-ABC and HLA-E. Among the accessory molecules, LMP7 transcript was down-regulated in a number of EBVaGC tissues compared with EBVnGC.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current results suggested that the establishment of EBV latent infection in gastric tissues allows malignant cells to avoid the immune surveillance of both cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and natural killer cells by regulating the differential expression of HLA class I molecules.

PMID:
16541432
DOI:
10.1002/cncr.21784
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center