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Prostate. 2006 Jun 15;66(9):996-1004.

Characterization of TGF-beta-regulated interleukin-8 expression in human prostate cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Interleukin (IL)-8 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 are overexpressed in advanced prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate TGF-beta1-regulated IL-8 expression in prostate cancer cells.

METHODS:

TGF-beta receptor expression was evaluated by real-time reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blotting. TGF-beta1-regulated IL-8 expression was determined by real-time RT-PCR, enzyme-linked immunoabsorbance assay (ELISA), nuclear run-on, and IL-8 promoter reporter assay.

RESULTS:

PC-3MM2 cells expressed type I and type II TGF-beta receptors (TbetaRI and TbetaRII). LNCaP cells expressed significantly lower level of TbetaRII. Constitutive expression of IL-8 was detected in PC-3MM2 cells and LNCaP cells engineered with TbetaRII (LNCaP-TbetaRII). TGF-beta1 stimulated IL-8 expression in dose- and time-dependent manners, which was blocked by cycloheximide (CHX) and actinomycin D (ActD). The nuclear run-on and IL-8 luciferase reporter assays show that TGF-beta1 activated IL-8 gene transcription.

CONCLUSIONS:

TGF-beta1 signaling regulates IL-8 expression in prostate cancer cells and may contribute to the overexpression of IL-8 in human prostate cancer.

PMID:
16541418
DOI:
10.1002/pros.20424
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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