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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Mar;42(3):262-4.

Helicobacter pylori and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: is there a possible relationship?

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Division of Pediatric GI and Nutrition, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center-Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma 4135, USA.



Recently, it has been suggested that Helicobacter pylori might be a cause of some cases of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in infancy on the basis of its epidemiologic and clinical features. We performed this study to evaluate the possible relationship between IHPS and H. pylori.


In consecutive infants with IHPS, we performed upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsy before pyloromyotomy. The endoscopic appearance of the pylorus was noted to validate endoscopic features of IHPS.


Sixteen infants, 15 male, 14 white, mean age 42 days, range 21 to 104 days, were studied. The index case had chronic active gastritis on biopsy with organisms suspicious for H. pylori. Four others had chronic active gastritis, six more had focal or mild chronic gastritis, five were normal, and none had H. pylori on histology or immune histochemical staining in selected cases. All patients had negative rapid urease test. Most common endoscopic findings of IHPS were thickened prominent asymmetric pyloric folds and pin-hole pylorus that could not be intubated by the pediatric endoscope.


H. pylori was not specifically identified in our patients with IHPS. The presence of H. pylori-like organisms in the gastric mucosa in our index case and finding of chronic active gastritis in several others may indicate the possibility of an acquired infectious etiology for IHPS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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