Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 2006 Mar 15;66(6):3071-7.

A growth-related oncogene/CXC chemokine receptor 2 autocrine loop contributes to cellular proliferation in esophageal cancer.

Author information

Division of Medical Biochemistry, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.


Growth-related oncogene (GRO), a member of the CXC chemokine subfamily, plays a major role in inflammation and wound healing. CXC chemokines have been found to be associated with tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Although elevated expression of GRO has been reported in several human cancers, the expression and role of GRO and its receptor, CXCR2, in esophageal cancer are poorly understood. This study used real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical approaches to show that GROalpha, GRObeta, and CXCR2 are up-regulated in esophageal tumor tissue. Furthermore, GROalpha, GRObeta, and CXCR2 are constitutively expressed in WHCO1, an esophageal cancer cell line that was used as a model system here. GRObeta enhances transcription of EGR-1, via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway, which can be blocked by a specific antagonist of CXCR2 (SB 225002) or specific antibody to GRObeta. WHCO1 cells treated with SB 225002 exhibited a 40% reduction in cell proliferation. A stable WHCO1 GROalpha RNA interference (RNAi) clone displayed a 43% reduction in GROalpha mRNA levels as determined by real-time RT-PCR, reduced levels of GROalpha by fluorescence microscopy, and a 60% reduction in the levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2. A stable clone expressing GRObeta RNAi displayed >95% reduction in GRObeta mRNA levels, reduced levels of GRObeta by fluorescence microscopy, and an 80% reduction in the levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2. Moreover, these GROalpha RNAi- and GRObeta RNAi-expressing clones displayed a 20% and 50% decrease in cell proliferation, respectively. Our results suggest that GROalpha-CXCR2 and GRObeta-CXCR2 signaling contributes significantly to esophageal cancer cell proliferation and that this autocrine signaling pathway may be involved in esophageal tumorigenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons


    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center