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IUBMB Life. 2006 Jan;58(1):39-46.

Inhibitory activity of chlorogenic acid on enzymes involved in the fatty acid synthesis in animals and bacteria.

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Department of Biology, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.


It was found that chlorogenic acid inhibited in vitro animal fatty acid synthase (FAS I) and the ss-ketoacyl-ACP reductase (FabG) from Escherichia coli in a concentration-dependent manner with respective IC50 of 94.8 and 88.1 microM. The results of Lineweaver-Burk plots indicated that chlorogenic acid inhibited competitively the binding of NADPH to FAS I, while left those of acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA unaffected. Further kinetic studies showed that chlorogenic acid blocked the activity of FAS I mainly by inhibiting the ss-ketoacyl reductase domain, which catalyzed the same reaction as that done by FabG in the fatty acid synthesis. The ss-ketoacyl reduction reactions accomplished by both FAS I and FabG required nucleotide cofactor, NADPH. Furthermore, the Lineweaver-Burk and Yonetani-Theorell analyses implicated that chlorogenic acid filled competitively in the binding-pocket of NADPH in the ss-ketoacyl reductase domain of FAS I. The similar results were also obtained from the inhibition of FabG by chlorogenic acid. As observed in these results, the inhibitions of FAS I and FabG by chlorogenic acid were highly related to the interference of the inhibitor with NADPH, which was possibly due to the similarity between chlorogenic acid and some portion of NADPH, maybe the section consisting of the two ribose groups.

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