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J Phys Chem B. 2006 Mar 23;110(11):5245-52.

Multiwalled carbon nanotube supported PtRu for the anode of direct methanol fuel cells.

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China.


The activity of the methanol oxidation reaction of a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-supported PtRu catalyst was investigated and compared with the Vulcan XC-72 carbon-supported catalyst. The PtRu nanoparticles with 1:1 and 7:3 atomic ratios (with similar PtRu loadings and morphological structures) were deposited both on the MWCNTs and on the carbon. Cyclicvoltammetry results demonstrated that the MWCNT-supported PtRu catalyst exhibited a higher mass activity (mA mg(-1) of PtRu) for the methanol oxidation reaction than the carbon-supported PtRu under the condition that both catalysts possess more or less the same PtRu loadings, particle sizes, dispersions, and electrochemical surface area. The direct methanol fuel cell performance test data showed that MWCNT-supported PtRu catalysts yielded about 35-39% higher power densities than the carbon-supported PtRu.

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