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J Med Chem. 2006 Mar 23;49(6):2028-36.

Branched diacylglycerol-lactones as potent protein kinase C ligands and alpha-secretase activators.

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Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Department of Biochemistry & Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.


Using as our lead structure a potent PKC ligand (1) that we had previously described, we investigated a series of branched DAG-lactones to optimize the scaffold for PKC binding affinity and reduced lipophilicity, and we examined the potential utility of select compounds as alpha-secretase activators. Activation of alpha-secretase upon PKC stimulation by ligands causes increased degradation of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), resulting in enhanced secretion of sAPPalpha and reduced deposition of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta), which is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. We modified in a systematic manner the C5-acyl group, the 3-alkylidene, and the lactone ring in 1 and established structure-activity relationships for this series of potent PKC ligands. Select DAG-lactones with high binding affinities for PKC were evaluated for their abilities to lead to increased sAPPalpha secretion as a result of alpha-secretase activation. The DAG-lactones potently induced alpha-secretase activation, and their potencies correlated with the corresponding PKC binding affinities and lipophilicities. Further investigation indicated that 2 exhibited a modestly higher level of sAPPalpha secretion than did phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu).

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