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J Med Virol. 1991 Jun;34(2):127-31.

Preparation of monoclonal antibodies to JC virus and their use in the diagnosis of progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy.

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Virus Reference Laboratory, Central Public Health Laboratory, Colindale, London, England.


Seven monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to polyomavirus JC were produced, and one was selected for use in immunofluorescence (IF) tests on brain material from patients with suspected progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML). The selected MAb (5.12.2) reacted by IF with JC-infected primary human foetal glial (PHFG) cell cultures (titre 1/200,000) but not with BK-infected human embryo lung (HEL) fibroblasts (titre less than 1/20). Its haemagglutination-inhibition (HI) titre was high (greater than 1/5 x 10(6)) against JC virus but low (less than 1/5) against BK virus. A diagnosis of PML was confirmed on brain biopsy or at postmortem in four patients, two of whom were also infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In one of the patients, specific detection of JC virus antigen had not been possible using our routine high titred JC and BK human sera due to interference by JC antibody present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Viral antigen was, however, detected with the MAb 5.12.2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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