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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995 Mar;61(3):937-40.

A High-Molecular-Weight, Cell-Associated Xylanase Isolated from Exponentially Growing Thermoanaerobacterium sp. Strain JW/SL-YS485.


An unusual cell-associated (beta)-1,4-xylanase was purified to gel electrophoretic homogeneity from a cell extract of the bacterium Thermoanaerobacterium sp. strain JW/SL-YS485 harvested at the late exponential growth phase. The molecular mass of the xylanase was 350 kDa as determined by gel filtration and 234 kDa as determined by native gradient gel electrophoresis. The enzyme contained 6% carbohydrates. Heterosubunits of 180 and 24 kDa were observed for the xylanase on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis gels. The xylanase had a pI of 4.37 and a half-life of 1 h at 70(deg)C. Using a 5-min assay, we observed the highest level of activity at pH 6.2 and 80(deg)C. The K(infm) and k(infcat) values when oat spelt xylan was used were 3 mg/ml and 26,680 U/(mu)mol, respectively. The Arrhenius energy was 41.8 kJ/mol. The purified enzyme differed in size, subunit structure, and location from other xylanases that have been described. The cell-associated enzyme activity appeared in the S-layer fraction.

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