Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Oper Orthop Traumatol. 2006 Mar;18(1):66-87.

Treatment of deep infection of total knee arthroplasty using a two-stage procedure.

[Article in English, German]

Author information

1
Allgemeines und orthopädisches Landeskrankenhaus, Stolzalpe, Osterreich. martin.pietsch@lkh-stolzalpe.at

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Treatment of deep infection of total knee arthroplasty by two-stage reimplantation. Using an articulating spacer may reduce the disadvantages of a static spacer (ligament contracture, muscle atrophy, muscle contraction, arthrofibrosis, and bone loss). Restoration of pain-free loading and ability to walk.

INDICATIONS:

Late deep infection after total knee arthroplasty.

DEFINITION:

infection occurring at least 6 weeks after the initial arthroplasty.

CONTRAINDICATIONS:

Large metaphyseal bony defects of the distal femur and proximal tibia. Missing or insufficient extensor mechanism.

SURGICAL TECHNIQUE:

The articulating spacer is made intraoperatively by cleaning and autoclaving the explanted femoral component and the tibial polyethylene insert. These components are reinserted by "press-fit cementing" without cement interdigitation into the trabecular bone. The cement is loaded with antibiotic during the same operation (2-4 g antibiotics per 40 g of cement powder).

POSTOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT:

With the articulating spacer in place, partial weight bearing with crutches and continuous passive motion daily up to a flexion of 90 degrees are allowed. Usually, reimplantation with a standard revision system is scheduled for 6-12 weeks after spacer implantation.

RESULTS:

In a prospective study 33 consecutive patients were treated from February 2000 to July 2003. The average period of hospitalization after spacer implantation was 14 days (8-26 days). Three patients had recurrent infection (success rate 91%) after a mean follow-up period of 28 months (12-48 months). The average Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score could be increased from 67 points (44-84 points) preoperatively to 87 points (53-97 points) after reimplantation. The complications were one temporary peroneal palsy, one dislocation of the spacer due to the absence of the extensor ligaments, and one fracture of the tibia due to substantial primary metaphyseal bone loss.

PMID:
16534562
DOI:
10.1007/s00064-006-1163-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center