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Blood Press Monit. 2006 Apr;11(2):47-52.

Home blood pressure self-monitoring: diagnostic performance in white-coat hypertension.

Author information

1
PCT El Clot, ICS Consorci Sanitari Creu Roja d'Hospitalet, Faculty of Medicine, Biomedical Research Institute August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. 27515jbl@comb.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the diagnostic performance of home blood pressure self-monitoring in white-coat hypertension using a 3-day reading program.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

One hundred and ninety nontreated patients recently diagnosed with mild-moderate hypertension, selected consecutively at four primary healthcare centers in the city of Barcelona, were included. Each patient underwent morning and night home blood pressure self-monitoring with readings in triplicate for three consecutive days, followed by 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The normality cut-off point value for home blood pressure self-monitoring and daytime ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was 135/85 mmHg.

RESULTS:

Sixty-three patients were diagnosed with white-coat hypertension with home blood pressure self-monitoring (34.8%; 95% confidence interval: 27.9-42.2) and 74 with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (41.6%; 95% confidence interval: 33.7-48.4). No statistically significant differences were observed between home blood pressure self-monitoring values and those of diurnal ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [137.4 (14.3)/82.1 (8.3) mmHg vs. 134.8 (11.3)/81.3 (9.5) mmHg]. Home blood pressure self-monitoring diagnostic performance parameters were sensitivity 50.0% (95% confidence interval: 38.3-61.7), specificity 75.7% (95% confidence interval: 66.3-83.2), positive and negative predictive values 58.7% (95% confidence interval: 45.6-70.8) and 68.6% (95% confidence interval: 59.4-76.7), respectively, and positive and negative probability coefficients 2.05 and 0.66, respectively. Analysis of different normality cut-off points using a receiver operating characteristic curve failed to produce significant improvement in the diagnostic performance of home blood pressure self-monitoring.

CONCLUSIONS:

The diagnostic accuracy of a 3-day home blood pressure self-monitoring reading program in white-coat hypertension was poor. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring continues to be the test of choice for this indication.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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