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Patient Educ Couns. 2006 Apr;61(1):152-60.

Tobacco cessation counseling: pharmacists' opinions and practices.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, 60 College Street, Room 431, PO Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520-8034, USA. karen.hudmon@yale.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

As a key interface between patients and the health-care community, pharmacists are uniquely positioned to promote tobacco cessation. The objectives of this study were to: (a) characterize pharmacists' past training and current activities in provision of tobacco interventions, attitudes toward assisting patients with quitting, and interest in receiving specialized training for tobacco cessation counseling; and (b) identify predictors of pharmacists' counseling for tobacco cessation.

METHODS:

A 10-page survey was mailed to all licensed pharmacists in four California counties.

RESULTS:

Returned surveys (n = 1,168; 54.2% response) indicated that fewer than 8% of pharmacists have received formal training for tobacco cessation counseling, and current levels of counseling are low. Key predictors of cessation counseling include practice setting, pharmacists' race/ethnicity, perceived pros of counseling, and self-efficacy for counseling. Of 715 pharmacists who have direct patient contact, 93% indicated that receiving specialized tobacco cessation counseling training would increase their counseling quality, and 70% indicated that it would increase the number of patients counselled. Eighty-eight percent reported interest in receiving specialized training to obtain these skills.

CONCLUSION:

Although few pharmacists have received formal training in tobacco cessation and counseling activities currently are low, there is substantial professional interest in further developing this role.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Provision of comprehensive training that focuses on promoting self-efficacy for counseling likely will increase pharmacists' tobacco cessation counseling activities.

PMID:
16533683
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2005.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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