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J Immunother. 2006 Mar-Apr;29(2):215-23.

Cellular and humoral immune response to N-Glycolyl-GM3 elicited by prolonged immunotherapy with an anti-idiotypic vaccine in high-risk and metastatic breast cancer patients.

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  • 1Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. ruculeufu@arnet.com.ar

Abstract

In this study, the immunogenicity and toxicity profile of 1E10, an anti-idiotypic vaccine mimicking the N-glycolyl-GM3 ganglioside, was investigated with an extended vaccination protocol. The year-long vaccination scheme consisted of 6 biweekly intradermal injections (induction phase), followed by 10 monthly boosters (maintenance). Nineteen patients with high-risk (stage III) or metastatic breast cancer were vaccinated with different dose levels of 1E10 (0.5, 1, and 2 mg). The humoral and cellular responses to 1E10 and the targeted ganglioside were assessed at baseline and throughout the treatment. Local skin reactions represented the most common adverse event (National Cancer Institute Toxicity Criteria (NCIC) grades I and II), followed by mild flu-like symptoms lasting for 1 to 2 days. Two patients were removed from the study because of vaccine-related hypersensitivity reactions. A third patient was removed from the study after a transient loss of consciousness with uncertain relation to the vaccine. All patients showed a strong antibody response to the targeted ganglioside. In addition, ganglioside-specific T-cell responses were recorded in 5 of 13 evaluable patients. Vaccination with 1E10 was immunogenic and relatively well tolerated. Because similar results were observed with the 3 tested dose levels, the 0.5-mg dose level was selected for future trials.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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