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Gene. 2006 Jun 7;374:142-52. Epub 2006 Mar 13.

The Drosophila melanogaster DmCK2beta transcription unit encodes for functionally non-redundant protein isoforms.

Author information

1
University of Wuerzburg, Institut fuer Medizinische Strahlenkunde und Zellforschung, Versbacherstrasse 5, 97078 Wuerzburg, Germany.

Abstract

Genes encoding for the two evolutionary highly conserved subunits of a heterotetrameric protein kinase CK2 holoenzyme are present in all examined eukaryotic genomes. Depending on the organism, multiple transcription units encoding for a catalytically active CK2alpha subunit and/or a regulatory CK2beta subunit may exist. The phosphotransferase activity of members of the protein kinase CK2alpha family is thought to be independent of second messengers but is modulated by interaction with CK2beta-like proteins. In the genome of Drosophila melanogaster, one gene encoding for a CK2alpha subunit and three genes encoding for CK2beta-like proteins are present. The X-linked DmCK2beta transcription unit encodes for several CK2beta protein isoforms due to alternative splicing of its primary transcript. We addressed the question whether CK2beta-like proteins are redundant in function. Our in vivo experiments show that variations of the very C-terminal tail of CK2beta isoforms encoded by the X-linked DmCK2beta transcription unit influence their functional properties. In addition, we find that CK2beta-like proteins encoded by the autosomal D. melanogaster genes CK2betates and CK2beta' cannot fully substitute for a loss of CK2beta isoforms encoded by DmCK2beta.

PMID:
16530986
DOI:
10.1016/j.gene.2006.01.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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