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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Apr 28;343(1):171-6. Epub 2006 Mar 3.

Induction of the nuclear factor HIF-1alpha in acetaminophen toxicity: evidence for oxidative stress.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.


Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) controls the transcription of genes involved in angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, glycolysis, and cell survival. HIF-1alpha levels are a critical determinant of HIF activity. The induction of HIF-1alpha was examined in the livers of mice treated with a toxic dose of APAP (300 mg/kg i.p.) and sacrificed at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 h. HIF-1alpha was induced at 1-12 h and induction occurred prior to the onset of toxicity. Pre-treatment of mice with N-acetylcysteine (1200 mg/kg i.p.) prevented toxicity and HIF-1alpha induction. In further studies, hepatocyte suspensions were incubated with APAP (1 mM) in the presence of an oxygen atmosphere. HIF-1alpha was induced at 1 h, prior to the onset of toxicity. Inclusion of cyclosporine A (10 microM), an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition, oxidative stress, and toxicity, prevented the induction of HIF-1alpha. Thus, HIF-1alpha is induced before APAP toxicity and can occur under non-hypoxic conditions. The data suggest a role for oxidative stress in the induction of HIF-1alpha in APAP toxicity.

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